Madras, Bombay, Bengal and the Western Punjab remained undisturbed. Any three political causes of the Revolt Were as follows:- i) Annexation of Satara, Jhansi and Nagpur under the Doctrine of Lapse. The revolt of 1857 shook the foundation of British East India Company and disclosed their inefficiency in handling the Indian administration. Though the revolt had failed, historian like Sir Legal Greffin stated that “The revolt of 1857 A.D. swept the Indian sky clear of many clouds”. Content Guidelines 2. Majumdar concludes that it is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the so-called first national war of independence of 1857 is neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence as it was not preplanned and was limited to certain pockets in North India. What we notice in this period was abandonment of social and educational welfare measures by the British purposefully and willingly. The Revolt of 1857 is an important event in the history of India. The Company … The Revolt of 1857 was a major outbreak but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company. The rebels were dealt an early blow when the British captured Delhi on 20 September 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. The post-mutiny period also witnessed setback to Muslim renaissance and efforts of modernity. TOS4. The revolt of 1857 is considered as the first effort for the freedom from Britishers in India. Some of them are as follows: The British Crown took the direct responsibility of governance in India. It was a result of the anger against the government. They gave up the idea of the ruthless expan­sionist policy of their territorial boundaries in and outside India. The following were the results of the Revolt of 1857:- i) The rule of the East India Company came to an end. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. The Revolt of 1857 also regarded as India’s Ist War of Independence was a significant event in Indian history. There was communication gap and they lacked consensus. The Revolt of 1857 covered the way for the future struggle for freedom in India. The cartridges that were used in the rifles had to be bitten open. Defiant to the very end and refusing to surrender, he escaped to Nepal early in 1859, never to be heard of again. United Effort: From this revolt, we can have a picture of India’s struggle for keeping the rights. The results of the great revolt of 1857 A.D. had been far-reaching. Result of revolt of 1857. The Royal Princes were captured and butchered on the spot. Contesting the British interpretation as that of sepoy mutiny only, the nationalist historians and in particular V.D. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. End of Company Rule: The political result of this great revolt was the end of company’s rule in India. Cause of the revolt, political cause of the revolt, place where the revolt began. Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. History of Freedom Movement in India. The results of the 1857 revolt may be subdivided as: (iii) Religious, judicial and diplomatic effects, and. Topics: Indian Rebellion of 1857, Mughal Empire, British Empire Pages: 4 (1360 words) Published: August 10, 2012. Introduction The Revolt of 1857, commonly called as the Sepoy Revolt, was the first organised revolt against British rule in India. Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. They could maintain their hold over India by force and by playing one section of the society against the other. The designation of the Governor General of India was changed to Viceroy. Nana Sahib was defeated at Kanpur. 5 the East India Company were impoverishing and ruining the peasantry. The aged Emperor Bahadur Shah was taken prisoner. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: Firstly, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. The power to govern India was transferred from Company to the British crown. The Indian Revolt of 1857 Brought the End of the East India Company . It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. It is believed that it is very difficult to make generalization of the 1857 event as the response of the people varied from one area to another and as such it is argued that the revolt of 1857 was not one movement but many. Indian sepoys and other revolt participants were also poorly organized. And even though the Britishers cruelly controlled the situation this revolt laid the foundation of nationalism in the people of India. Hugh Rose The Indian War of Independence of 1857, published anonymously in 1912 argues that it was the first war of Indian independence inspired by the lofty ideal of self-rule by Indians through nationalist upsurge. The Revolt of 1857 is also called as Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Insurrection, and the First War of Independence. Suppressed the revolt at Arrah in August 1857. The British who were quite aloof in the beginning realized their mistake and changed their policy with 1861 Indian Council Act. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. The British crown reinstated the Taluqdars of Oudh to their old positions. The British government was now established. Ans: The ‘Paika Bidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817 led by Bakshi Jagabandhu [Bidyadhar Mohapatra] in Khurda of Odisha. Revolt of 1857 1. Surender Nath Sen is of the view that: “The mutiny became a revolt and assumed a political character when the mutineers of Meerut placed themselves under the king of Delhi and a section of the landed aristocracy and civil population declared, in his favour. ii) Denial of pension to Nana … John Lawrence, Outran, Havelock, Neil, Campbell, and Hugh Rose were some of the British commanders who earned military fame in the course of the revolt. The Revolt of 1857 further widened the difference between the ruler and the ruled. Military revolt. VD Sarvarkar was the first person to opine Revolt of 1857 as the first 'Indian War of Independence'. His salary and allowances were to be paid out of the Indian … Most of them fought with such ancient weapons as pikes and swords. The resistance disintegrated primarily due to lack of … Privacy Policy3. It was planned to begin the revolt across the nation against the East India Company on 31st May, 1857. The infamous massacre related with Nana Saheb took place at Bibi Ghar, Kanpur. It proved to be a source of encouragement to the National freedom struggle. A He was commander-in-chief of the army of Nana … Roberts also considered it as a military revolt. 1. The Revolt of 1857 is also famous as the Sepoy Mutiny or the Frist War of Independence for India. 9. 1857)ResultRebellion Suppressed,Final collapse of the Mughal Empire;end of Company rule in … It was to a great extent a popular revolt led by exiled princes and displaced landlords. The sepoys were brave and selfless but they were also ill-disciplined. It did not spread to South India and most of Eastern and Western India. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. The reign of Dalhousie had been quite momentous for the Britishers as he had pursued a policy of territorial aggrandisement and extended the dominions of the empire. The cumulative effect of British expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations over the years had adversely affected the positions of all rulers of Indian states, sepoys, zamindars, peasants, traders, artisans, pundits, maulvis, etc. In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. L.E.R. They were suspicious and jealous of one another and often indulged in suicidal quarrels. P.E. The Secretary of State for India was assisted and helped by a 15-member body of India Council. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. In the sphere of diplomatic ties between India and Britain, now there was a change and the British began to show greater interest in the internal development of India than in foreign affairs. Before the revolt of 1857, the army of the British in India was divided into two major divisions – king’s forces and company’s troops. Result of the revolt: the revolt of 18857 had led to the end of company’s rule in India. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. In the sphere of judiciary, the Sadar courts and Crown’s Supreme Court were amalgamated into High Courts which were established in the presidency towns of Madras, Bombay and Calcutta. On the other hand, there are also scholars who view the Revolt of 1857 … Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … Which revolt was the first to happen, even before the revolt of 1857, and which is also known as The First War of Independence? Out of the fifteen, eight were appointed by the crown and the rest were to be appointed by the court of the directors. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. The rebel leaders lacked experience and coordination. Indian sepoys and people were short of modern weapons and other materials of war. As a result of the revolt the two forces were united and called king’s forces and one-third of it should consist of the Europeans. The Revolt of 1857 took place one hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757. Result of the Revolt of 1857 in Hindi. What was the role of Tatia Tope in 1857 mutiny? The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. The unrest against the British rule that had been brewing for a long time now broke out into a revolt. "The Indian Mutiny and the British Imagination." Reese viewed it as a religious war against Christianity. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. … Consequently, the British Parliament by an Act transferred the control of the Indian government from the East India Company to the British Crown. 4. As if it is not sufficient, orthodoxy, religious superstitions, communal, caste and religious discrimination began to be practiced by the Indians. Chakravarty, Gautam. The Revolt was suppressed. Further, it is now suggested that the roots of the revolt are traceable to the pockets of relative poverty due to ecological factors such as less fertile soil and severe revenue assessments imposed on arable land caused undue misery to the cultivator. This Act of 1858 completed the process initiated by the Charter Act of 1853. Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. The reign of his successor witnessed a big conflagration-the Great Revolt of 1857. The administrative apparatus in India was centralized effectively due to the improvement in communications. Their attempt was to prove that the colonial rule, if not welcomed, was not detested, as many Indian historians argue. The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. The aged Emperor Bahadur Shah was taken prisoner. It marks the end of an era of mercantile capitalism and early colonial rule and the beginning of direct imperial hegemony of the British crown. 1. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. The rebels had succeeded in sowing the seeds of nationalism among the Indians. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. At the end, we may conclude by agreeing with Tarachand: “imperi­alist Britain treated India as a satellite whose main function was to sweat and labour for the master, to sub-serve its economy and to enhance the glory and prestige of the empire”. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. India's First War of Independence, termed Sepoy Riots by the British was an attempt to unite India against the invading British and to restore power to the Mogul emperor Bahadur Shah. 1. Tantia Tope escaped into the jungles of Central India where he carried on bitter and brilliant guerrilla warfare until April 1859 when he was betrayed by a zamindar friend and captured while asleep. The results of the great revolt of 1857 A.D. had been far-reaching. The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. It was a result of the anger against the government. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. Answers:The British made various changes in their policies after the revolt of 1857. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. There is no unanimity among scholars regarding the nature of the revolt of 1857 and a debate took place between 1950-1960 focusing attentions on three perspectives: sepoy mutiny, national struggle or first war of independence or a manifestation of feudalist revival. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. The Revolt of 1857 Essay Sample. Sometimes they behaved more like a riotous mob than a disciplined army. What is Paika rebellion? Even inspite of failure that served a great purpose, it was a source of inspiration in India’s freedom struggle. Sources and Further Reading . The Queen made it clear that there was to be no distinction between one individual and another on the pretext of race, religion, sex and creed. Essay, Indian History, Revolts, Revolt of 1857, Essay on Revolt of 1857. This rebellion brought far-reaching changes in political, social and other aspects. 4. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… In the post-Revolt period, to maintain supremacy in India, British followed the policy of communal disharmony. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. The artillery section was exclusively kept under the British. The 7th Awadh Regiment which defied its officers on May 3 met with a similar fate. Revolt of 1857 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. It marks the end of an era of mercantile capitalism and early colonial rule and the beginning of direct imperial hegemony of the British crown. When the British started tinkering with the revenue system in 1803, the farming community of Odisha rose in rebellion. Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. In this article, we are going to see all the aspects of the Revolt of 1857 in Hindi. Nature of Revolt of 1857. Further, the British tried to portray civil disturbances as the actions of selfish vested interests of the landholders and the princes. As a consequence of more European soldiers in the army, the expen­diture on the army doubled up. UG SEM - IV ( CC - 10 ) This video is unavailable. The Revolt was suppressed. Died at Lucknow in December 1857. It paved the way for the rise of the modern national movement. By the end of 1859, British authority over India was fully reestablished, but the Revolt had not been in vain. Revolt Of 1857 questions and answers for PSC exams. The revolt started as a mutiny of Indian sepoys (soldiers) in the service of the English East India Company in Meerut, a town northeast of Delhi. Results of the revolt: The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. The Emperor was tried and exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862. The British crown gave up the policy of subordinate isolation and advocated a policy of subordinate union in respect of native states. Watch Queue Queue Ans: Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: (i) British Crown took over the control of administration − The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. revolt of 1857 The uprisings in different parts of the country were completely uncoordinated. Nana's troops were responsible for the massacre at Kanpur. ...The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion and the Sepoy Mutiny.The many names are the result of the conflict's continuing importance to India's national sense of identity. The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. The annexation of Indian territory and the rigorous taxation on Indian land contributed to a revolt against British rule that began in 1857. Modern nationalism was yet unknown in India. This rebellion brought far-reaching changes in political, social and other aspects. The British crown agreed to provide employment to the Indians in the bureaucratic structure of the times, which was denied previously. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Also Read: Storm Centres of 1857 Revolt and their Leaders. The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. As a result of such studies, it is now estab­lished that the relationship between land revenue settlement and the revolt is very minimum. Because of this the revolt of 1857 failed in India. Towards 1857 revolt In 1856, Lord Canning succeeded Lord Dalhousie as the Governor General of India. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. He was put to death after a hurried trial on 15 April 1859. For example, the Begum of Avadh quarreled with Maulavi Ahmadullah and the Mughal princes with the sepoy-generals. Contradicting the above views of nationalist motivated perceptions, R.C. The End of the Company’s Rule. The strong opposition to the social legislation especially coming from the orthodox elements in both the Hindu and the Muslim community put the British on the defensive. Defeated the rebels (Nana Sahib's force) on 17th July, 1857. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. 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