It is a tufted variety ideal for luxury lawns that will be mowed on a regular basis Hello dear readers, how nice that you drop by! Agrostis canina (Velvet bent lawn grass) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0m after 4-6 weeks.. Velvet bent grass requires similar upkeep and maintenance to creeping bent. While ‘Barking’ and ‘Heriot’ turn green very early in the year, the ‘Jorvik’ variety is a little behind. Agrostis capillaris L. Show All Show Tabs colonial bentgrass General Information; Symbol: AGCA5 Group: Monocot Family: Poaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Graminoid: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I SPM I: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our … A fine and delicate lawn with a dense turf, even in the shade? General information about Agrostis capillaris (AGSTE) Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Tunisia, Siberia, Russian Far East, Central Asia, China. As the name implies creeping bent grass forms a mat of creeping stolons that quickly form a dense turf, whereas colonial bent is mainly tufted in growth, although under some This is a desirable grass for golf course teeing areas, fairways, and greens. Moderately salt, acid and flood tolerant. Grows in most soils, but prefers well-drained acid soils. It is also an environmental weed. Although this species has been used on golf courses and sporting fields it is better suited for lawns. On this page. With their fine and dense leaves, the grass plants form a beautifully closed sward. It is a common weed of pastures and roadsides (Weiller et al 1995). This delicately flowered grass has been included in the majority of agri-environmental schemes. Browntop bentgrass. Its delicate flower and seed heads are loose and open. Agrostis capillaris Thore Agrostis capillaris Boiss. Ground Cover, Lawn. That’s why we have made it our mission to develop effectively as well as sustainable products for the home garden. 51 (1937), World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references", "Evidence for landscape-level, pollen-mediated gene flow from genetically modified creeping bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a marker", "Bentgrass will take over unless you act. (Agrostis capillaris) Common Bentgrass is a perennial grass with fine leaves, The seed head is delicate and attractive, opening loosely from late spring through to autumn. Agrostis stolonifera: ligules 2-6 mm long and branches of panicle bearing flowers in distal and proximal halves (vs. A. capillaris, with ligules 0.5-2 mm long and panicle branches bearing flowers only … glaucina (Bastard) Lamotte, 1847 Agrostis capillaris Desf. The Agrostis capillaris is used to adverse conditions and feels therefore even in the rough situations of the Alps extremely well. & Lange ex Andersson This grass is slow to establish, but with regular mowing forms a neat, dense turf. Genus Agrostis can be annual or perennial grasses, with narrow or bristle-like leaves and branches panicles of small flowers Details A. capillaris is better known as Brown Top or Common Bent grass. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Native. A tenuis, and creeping bent Agrostis palustris or A stolonifera. Cultivation. Paired with our instructions and inspiration on gardender.com, your garden will become a true paradise. Older swards in heavily grazed or trampled areas may form dense, low growing clumps. As the name implies creeping bent grass forms a mat of creeping stolons that quickly form a dense turf, whereas colonial bent is mainly tufted in growth, although under some For these reasons, you will also encounter the Agrostis capillaris in our Gardender shade grass. vulgaris (With.) It thrives along river-banks, on limy or moist soils, and in light oak and pine forests. London, Bot. Mostly used as lawn turfs and on golf courses. Dahlias: Expert Tips About The Dahlia Flower, Plants In The Pond: All About For Care Of A Different Species, 20 The Best Pond Plants For Any Water Depth. This species also has a lighter color than the two previous species. Does best on moderately well-drained, moist, medium to coarse texture soils. Agrostis capillaris – Common Bent. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Agrostis atroviolacea Sennen Agrostis canina var. Agrostis Capillaris: Origin And Description. It tolerates close mowing very well. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Bentgrass; Rhode Island bentgrass; Colonial bentgrass. Agrostis capillaris (Agrostis tenuis), Colonial Bentgrass (Introduced) 1 – 3 ft. tall, perennial, stoloniferous, sod-forming, cool-season grass. You need to agree with the terms to proceed, Agrostis Capillaris: Properties & Use Of Common Bent, Agrostis Capillaris: Origin And Description, Characteristics And Use Of The Agrostis Capillaris, Different Varieties Of Agrostis Capillaris, Tall Fescue: All About The Festuca Arundinacea At A Glance. In older books you may find this plant listed as Agrostis tenuis. In combination with the good shade tolerance, this makes it an important component of our Plantura shade turf. This grass was used in Europe for estate lawns and golf courses because it could be cut so short. Does best in cool, humid climates. State a mix of grass species for an ornamental lawn Examples could include: Agrostis capillaris+ Festuca rubra subsp. This was the type of grass that was used on the lawns of most estates. Agrostis capillaris (Brown top) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0m after 4-6 weeks. depending on its place of origin) which is Agrostis capillaris syn. This grass is slow to establish, but with regular mowing forms a neat, dense turf. It does best in cool, humid weather and can tolerate some shade. Agrostis capillaris: ligules 0.5-2 mm long and panicle branches bearing flowers only in distal half (vs. A. stolonifera, with ligules 2-6 mm long and branches of panicle bearing flowers in … The grass survives even longer dry periods and can close arisen gaps again independently. The turfgrass spreads predominantly by underground rhizomes (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). depending on its place of origin) which is Agrostis capillaris syn. Being very dense in growth habit its very common to find this in sports surfaces particularly bowling greens for which it can make up 25 to 50 percent of the mix. Redtop (Agrostis gigantea), 1 to 1.5 metres (about 3 to 5 feet) tall, was introduced into North America during colonial times as a hay and pasture grass.It spreads by rhizomes and has reddish flowers. The varieties ‘Jorvik’, ‘Barking’, and ‘Heriot’ are excellent for ornamental lawns. Ground Cover, Lawn. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Bentgrass; Rhode Island bentgrass; Colonial bentgrass. Several species (and hybrids) of Agrostis are important lawn or pasture grasses (commonly known as bent or bent grasses). Genus Agrostis. Perennial. Genus Agrostis can be annual or perennial grasses, with narrow or bristle-like leaves and branches panicles of small flowers Details A. capillaris is better known as Brown Top or Common Bent grass. Some species of bents are commonly used for lawn grass. It is cultivated almost exclusively on golf courses, especially on putting greens. However it does not require the intense maintenance. Agrostis alba var. Historically, it was often called Orcheston long grass, after a village on Salisbury Plain, England. Common name. Browntop bentgrass. Lawn seed is one of the easiest (or hardest if not applied correctly) ... chewings fescue and agrostis capillaris. Cross-pollinating Agrostis gigantea was even found at a distance of 21 kilometres. Its delicate flower and seed heads are loose and open. When repeatedly mown, it forms a short turf with a high density of small tillers, making it an ideal component within grass seed mixtures for greens and fine lawns. The grass also has a good tolerance for shade. vulgaris (With.) & Lange ex Andersson [10], Hundreds of species formerly listed in the genus Agrostis have been moved to other genera, including Achnatherum, Aira, Alloteropsis, Apera, Arundinella, Calamagrostis, Chaetopogon, Chionochloa, Chloris, Cinna, Colpodium, Crypsis, Cynodon, Deschampsia, Dichelachne, Digitaria, Eremochloa, Eriochloa, Eustachys, Gastridium, Graphephorum, Gymnopogon, Lachnagrostis, Leptochloa, Muhlenbergia, Pentameris, Phippsia, Piptatherum, Poa, Polypogon, Puccinellia, Reimarochloa, Relchela, Schismus, Sporobolus and Zingeria.[3]. The shoot density is high and it is very adaptable to numerous growth conditions. The shoot density is high and it is very adaptable to numerous growth conditions. No problem for the all-rounder Agrostis capillaris! Soil type. The smaller creeping bent (A. stolonifera), the stolons of which grow up to 1.2 metres (3.9 feet) per season, and Idaho bentgrass (A. idahoensis) are popular lawn grasses. 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Cultivation. (Agrostis capillaris) Common Bentgrass is a perennial grass with fine leaves, The seed head is delicate and attractive, opening loosely from late spring through to autumn. Agrostis capillaris Thore Agrostis capillaris Boiss. commutata and a utility lawn which must include Lolium perenne, plus others such as Festuca rubra rubra, Poa pratensis, Agrostis capillaris Agrostis capillaris (Common Bent,Colonial bent, Browntop) is a rhizomatous and stoloniferous perennial in the grass family ().It is native to Eurasia and has been widely introduced in many parts of the world. Description. The high resistance of the plant is also remarkable. Due to its high resistance, the Common Bent is often found on the mountain meadows and alpine pastures of the Alps. [11], Creeping bentgrass has been genetically engineered to be glyphosate tolerant, as "one of the first wind-pollinated, perennial, and highly outcrossing transgenic crops". Butterflies whose caterpillars feed on Agrostis include: lectotype designated by Philipson, J. Linn. Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris), is native and common throughout Britain. Older swards in heavily grazed or trampled areas may form dense, low growing clumps. Narrow, flat leaves, rough with smooth sheaths. Suggested uses. This grass prefers damp situations and is reasonably successful in shade. Within its native range the species is often abundant in nutrient poor pastures, along roadsides or on disturbed ground. It is a relatively late flowering grass, coming out out between June and mid August. Cons: There's a chance you might find that grass won't germinate as well as other options on this list. [citation needed], Agrostis canina gets its name for the velvet appearance that this grass produces. Suggested uses. Bentgrass - Highland- (Agrostis capillaris) Ref: BENTGRASS. Agrostis capillaris (Agrostis tenuis), Colonial Bentgrass (Introduced) 1 – 3 ft. tall, perennial, stoloniferous, sod-forming, cool-season grass. Subterranean and creeping shoots close the gaps that often appear in shady areas. Soil type. Its delicate flower and seed heads are loose and open. Ground Cover, Lawn. capillaris: fine, hair-like. It is a tufted variety ideal for luxury lawns that will be mowed on a regular basis But also otherwise the Common Bent grows naturally in … The turfgrass spreads predominantly by underground rhizomes (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). Cultivation. Family Poaceae. It is the tallest of the bents with very fine texture and like most bent grasses grows very densely. Agrostis: from the Greek word for field. Colonial bentgrass is a cool-season grass that thrives in cool coastal weather. An upright fine-textured perennial turfgrass that has a mid-green to grey green leaf blade. This is a desirable grass for golf course teeing areas, fairways, and greens. ex Nyman Agrostis capillaris M.Bieb. [10] The grower could not remove all genetically engineered plants and in 2007, the U.S. Department of Agriculture fined the grower $500,000 for non-compliance with regulations in 2007. Common name. © 2020 Gardender.com     |  About   |   Contacts   |    Privacy Policy  |  Terms&Condition  |  Sitemap. It copes well with sandy soils, few nutrients, and acidic forest soils and grows about 20 centimeters high. The grass species they want you to learn are: For an ornamental lawn - Agrostis capillaris and Festuca rubra subsp. A. capillaris L., A. gigantea Roth, A. stolonifera L. and A. vinealis Schreb. So lawn repairs are rarely necessary. It is used as a lawn grass, and is often abundant along roadsides and in paddocks. [citation needed] It can quickly take over a home lawn if it is not controlled and has very shallow roots. In addition, the grass is a very popular component of golf lawns due to its treadable and dense turf and can even be found in many a rolled lawn. glaucina (Bastard) Lamotte, 1847 Agrostis capillaris Desf. Suggested uses. Agrostis capillaris L. Colonial bentgrass is used extensively on golf greens in mixtures with red fescue for low input purposes. At least up to a height of 2700 meters, the grass type advances. All three form a dense turf and can also tolerate deep cuts. Some species of bents are commonly used for lawn grass. Agrostis stolonifera: ligules 2-6 mm long and branches of panicle bearing flowers in distal and proximal halves (vs. A. capillaris, with ligules 0.5-2 mm long and panicle branches bearing flowers only … Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris), is native and common throughout Britain. The grass leaves tear easily and in dry conditions can collect dead fibre. Agrostis atroviolacea Sennen Agrostis canina var. It is a relatively late flowering grass, coming out … The name "bent" refers to the shallow roots, which bend just below the surface of the soil to propagate laterally. But also otherwise the Common Bent grows naturally in wide parts of western Eurasia. [citation needed]. Description. Identifying tips. Soc. Cold Hardy Cacti: Which 10 Species Survive The Cold? Plues Agrostis atropurpurea Steud. [12], Agrostis capillaris, or colonial bent, was brought to America from Europe. The ‘Highland’ variety, on the other hand, does not fit well into the lawn in the garden, as it does not grow as densely and does not tolerate deep cuts very well. Tufted grass with creeping rhizomes. Even though I have been out and about in nature since childhood and have meanwhile gained some experience as an amateur gardener, I work together with Teadrops on many of my articles dealing with plant care. As a passionate hobby gardener, I write for the plant breeding company Gardender about the topics "Gardening", "Creative with plants". There it serves grazing animals as tasty fodder. But its green is darker than the other two varieties. Hawaii Agrostis capillaris L. 190 Colonial bentgrass, Brown Top, Common Bent, New ... lawn / turf ornamental FORAGE fodder GENE SOURCE gene source WEED seed contaminant Additional information. Plues Agrostis atropurpurea Steud. It has the finest texture of all the bent grasses. Agrostis capillaris tolerates few nutrients, drought, and a deep cut without problems. Brown Top Bent (Agrostis capillaris) This is another species that spreads via rhizomes. The leaves of the bentgrass are long and slender. Short ligules. A tenuis, and creeping bent Agrostis palustris or A stolonifera. It is a creeping grass and, although it has little agricultural value, it is a very common species in old grasslands. Agrostis capillaris Feorainn mh n Family: Poaceae Flowering June - August. In addition, the runners allow the grass to multiply optimally. This species has been widely grown as a turf grass in the cooler parts of Australia and is now a major weed of disturbed sites and pasture in this part of the country. Qualities. Agrostis (bent or bentgrass) is a large and very nearly cosmopolitan genus of plants in the grass family, found in nearly all the countries in the world. An upright fine-textured perennial turfgrass that has a mid-green to grey green leaf blade. Geographic subdivisions for Agrostis capillaris: KR, CaR, n&c SN, CCo, SnFrB, SCo : MAP CONTROLS 1. It is a tufted variety ideal for luxury lawns that will be mowed on a regular basis As such, if infested in a home lawn, it can become a troublesome weed problem. Agrostis capillaris – Common Bent. In 2003 the Scotts Company planted it as part of a large (about 160 ha) field trial in central Oregon near Madras. Establishment: 14 to 21 Days Use with red fescue for low input. When To Cut Back Butterfly Bush In Your Garden? It tolerates close mowing very well. It is adapted to coastal regions in northern California where it is used for general lawn areas. In June the characteristic flower panicles appear, which at heights of up to 65 centimeters appear like delicately reddish shimmering clouds. [4][5][6][7][8][9] It has been bred as a GMO creeping bent grass. Sustainable gardening is a matter of the heart for us. Your email address will not be published. The undemanding grass also grows on dry grassland. In older books you may find this plant listed as Agrostis tenuis. Establishment: 14 to 21 Days Use with red fescue for low input. With its dense foliage, the Common Bent survives many an inconvenience and is quite undemanding. It has a tiny seed and only needs including in mixtures at low levels. [citation needed], Agrostis stolonifera is the most commonly used species of Agrostis. Required fields are marked *. In Germany, this representative of the Agrostis is widespread. For this reason, Agrostis capillaris is only added to our Gardender shade grass in a small proportion. Your email address will not be published. The intense green and fine leaves are an optical enrichment for many lawn seed mixtures. Agrostis alba var. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. This grass also takes longer to establish than creeping bent. No wonder that the Agrostis capillaris is best suited for lawn seeds. Mostly used as lawn turfs and on golf courses. Bentgrass is used in turf applications for its numerous advantages: it can be mowed to a very short length without damage, it can handle a great amount of foot traffic, it has a shallow root system that is thick and dense allowing it to be seeded and grow rather easily, and it has a pleasing, deep green appearance. Common bent is an attractive, relatively short grass with fine, flat leaves that can form a dense sward. Velvet bent has recently had a resurgence in the UK due to the high demands on greens from inclement weather and speed expectations. Common bent is an attractive, relatively short grass with fine, flat leaves that can form a dense sward. Brown-top bent (Agrostis capillaris) is a significant environmental weed in Victoria and an environmental weed in New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. Agrostis capillaris was first described by Linnaeus in 1753 in his Species Plantarum, but in many publications the species is still referred to as A. tenuis, a name first published in 1794 in Flora Oxoniensis by Sibthorp. Drought, and ‘ Heriot ’ are excellent for ornamental lawns ’ are excellent for ornamental lawns green fine... Upkeep and maintenance to creeping bent to form dense, low growing.! 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The lawns of most estates 65 centimeters appear like delicately reddish shimmering clouds capillaris or! For lawn seeds resistance, the common bent survives many an inconvenience and quite. Conditions and outcompete bunch-type grass and, although it has a good tolerance for shade is also remarkable including! Butterflies whose caterpillars feed on Agrostis include: Agrostis capillaris+ Festuca rubra subsp mid August the other two.! Although it has the finest texture of all the bent grasses ) within its native range the species is abundant... Form a dense sward of 2700 meters, the common bent is often found on the lawns of most.! Variety ideal for luxury lawns that will be mowed on a regular basis Agrostis capillaris our. Requires similar upkeep and maintenance to creeping bent Agrostis palustris or a.... Grass type advances the heart for us shady areas 2700 meters, the grass to multiply.... Could include: lectotype designated by Philipson, J. 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Has a good tolerance for shade or trampled areas may form dense stands under conditions... All the bent grasses grows very densely long grass, coming out out between and! Good shade tolerance, this makes it an important component of our Plantura shade.. With its dense foliage, the grass type advances most bent grasses its... With red fescue for low input cool-season grass that thrives in cool coastal weather that be! Mostly used as a lawn grass may form dense stands under conducive conditions and therefore! Purplish-Brown, remaining open and spreading agrostis capillaris lawn fruit of 0m after 4-6 weeks dense leaves, the runners the... ( about 160 ha ) field trial in central Oregon near Madras, few nutrients, and.. Speed expectations courses, especially on putting greens of our Plantura shade turf than the two previous.... Leaves are an optical enrichment for many lawn seed mixtures right-hand corner, fairways, greens! Species Survive the cold grass seed covers approximately 35 square metres - August does best in,.